Wood veneer is a natural material that provides beauty, warmth and, most of all, variety. Each piece is unique, with nature producing individual shapes and colors within the same tree. A great choice for classic or modern design, Oregon Door provides any commercially available wood veneer, including various species: birch, maple, oak, cherry, walnut, mahogany, and more.
Wood veneers are available in multiple grades, matches, and assemblies to meet design requirements, including domestic and exotic selections. Common veneer cutting methods include plain sliced or flat cut, quarter sliced, rift cut, and rotary.
1. Window & Door Manufacturers Association (WDMA I.S. 1-A)
2. Architectural Woodwork Standards (AWS) Quality Standards, sections 5 and 9
WDMA is the industry standard for door manufacturers, while AWS is more commonly used in specialty installations requiring doors to be blueprint matched with wall paneling and/or to blend with adjacent millwork. In most instances, WDMA requirements are most appropriate to assure consistent appearance amongst doors as usually architectural and commercial doors are not directly associated with panels or millwork.
AWS and WDMA set two aesthetic grades for architectural wood doors: custom and premium. Custom is the standard grade intended for high-quality work. This grade provides a well-defined degree of control over the workmanship, materials, and installation of a project.
Most Craftsman Series doors are premium grade. This grade is reserved for special projects or featured areas within a project. Premium grade doors are specified when the highest degree of control is required.
The difference between a custom and premium grade doors is the stile construction, veneer grade – adopted from HPVA panel veneer grading tables – and veneer assembly. Below is a simple comparison of the two grades:
Once the decorative veneer cutting method is specified, the type of match at the joint line must be specified. The way in which the individual cuts are placed next to each other during the fabrication of the veneer face affects the appearance of the doors.
Thus the grain is mirrored in each adjacent leaf. The visual effect created is that veneer joints match, creating a symmetrical pattern. This type of matching yields maximum continuity of grain. When sequenced panels are specified, prominent characteristics will “ascend” or “descend” across the match as the leaves progress from panel to panel.
Book matching may be used with plain, quarter or rift sliced veneers. Because the “tight” and “loose” faces alternate in adjacent leaves, they reflect light and accept stain differently. This may yield a noticeable color variation, often called barber pole, in some species or flitches. These variations are not considered a manufacturing defect.
The type of “assembly match,“ must be specified to obtain a desired appearance. Any sequence matching from opening to opening must be specified.
Wood is a product of nature; as such, each wood species has certain intrinsic and industry-acceptable characteristics, which can vary from tree to tree and flitch to flitch. Natural variations of the veneer and different cuts create unique textures, grains, figure, and color for each veneer piece and door.
In some cases, wood will accentuate and enhance a project design when used in its purest, or natural, state. These naturally occurring variations provide richness and uniqueness to each project design. All wood species can vary from flitch to flitch., and environmental factors such as climate and soil content can make each veneer species exhibit a range of colors and textures.
Certain wood species, such as natural maple and birch, can vary widely in color range. When specifying “natural” maple and birch, the veneer will contain unlimited amounts of sapwood (the light portion of the log) and/or heartwood (the dark portion of the log) unselected for color. They may contain many sapwood/ heartwood combinations, color streaks, spots, and color variation from almost white to very dark. To avoid these noticeable color and grain variations, select veneers must be specified. If a light colored veneer is preferred, specify select white (all sapwood) maple or birch. If a dark colored veneer is preferred, specify select red/brown (all heartwood), though availability of this selection may be limited.
Plastic laminate doors offers a limitless creative license for your design interior with a resilient and strong material. Choose from solid colors or patterns to achieve a unique or bold statement. Or choose a wood grain material to achieve consistency in appearance from door to door.
This is the right choice when uniformity and heavy use applications are required. Plastic laminate is extremely tough, holding up to daily bumps and scratches. Plus, being less porous than veneer, this surface is easier to clean. Imagine every door you spec matching exact grain and color and holding up to years of wear and tear.
High-pressure decorative laminate (HPDL) is the direct descendent of the original plastic laminate. It is considered to be one of the most durable decorative surface materials and is available with special performance properties including chemical, fire and wear resistance. For doors, it is often specified when uniformity in the surface material is essential so doors present a consistent appearance in each opening.
Extremely durable, HPDL doors offer many design options when compared to wood veneer: custom designs in many patterns, wood grain, and solid colors. Easy-to-install HPDL doors don’t need to be painted, stained, or sealed on-site. And in general, HPDL faces are consistent, affordable, and incur minimal maintenance costs.
HPDL is produced by saturating multiple layers of kraft paper with phenolic resin. A layer of printed décor paper is placed on top of the kraft paper before pressing. The resulting sandwich is fused together under heat and pressure (more than 1,000 PSI).
Because phenolic and melamine resins are thermoset plastics, the curing process transforms the resin into plastic by a cross linking process that converts the paper sheets into a single, rigid laminated sheet. Thermosetting creates strong, irreversible bonds that contribute to HPDL’s durability.
The number of patterns, colors, and designs available are practically limitless. Oregon Door works with all major US laminate manufacturers. Explore many of the options from the following manufacturers:
Need to match an interior paint, carpet or fabric to create that perfect color scheme? Oregon Door’s paintable surface doors offer complete versatility to enhance or complement any interior design theme. complement the interior design. Choose from three surface options: birch, hardboard or medium density overlay (MDO).
Both MDO and hardboard provide uniform surfaces, so you’ll have no worries about knots, raised grain, or other flaws. Doors are available pre-primed, reducing on-site sanding or priming.